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Shabbat HaYom L'Hashem


:About the Song
lyrics:

'שַׁבָּת הַיּוֹם לה
מְאֹד צָהֲלוּ בְּרִנּוּנַי
וְגַם הַרְבּוּ מַעֲדָנַיּ
אוֹתוֹ לִשְׁמוֹר כְּמִצְות ה':  
שַׁבָּת הַיּוֹם לה':

מֵעַבוֹר דֶּרֶךְ וּגְבוּלִים
מֵעַשּׂוֹת הַיּוֹם פְּעָלִים 
לֶאֱכוֹל וְלִשְׁתּוֹת בְּהִלּוּלִים 
זֶה הַיּוֹם עָשָׂה ה':  
שַׁבָּת הַיּוֹם לה':

וְאִם תִּשְׁמְרֶנּוּ, י-ה יִנְצָרְךָּ כְּבָבַת
אַתָּה וּבִנְךָ וְגַם הַבַּת
וְקָרָאתָ עוֹנֶג לְשַׁבָּת
אָז תִּתְעַנֵּג עַל ה':  
שַׁבָּת הַיּוֹם לה':

אֱכֹול מַשְּׁמַנִים וּמַעֲדַנִּים
וּמַטְעַמִּים הַרְבֵּה מִינִים
אֱגוֹזֵי פֶּרֶךְ וְרִמּוֹנִים
וְאָכַלְתָּ וְשָׂבָעְתָּ וּבֵרַכְתָּ אֶת ה':  
שַׁבָּת הַיּוֹם לה':

לַעֲרוֹךְ בְּשֻׁלְחָן לֶחֶם חֲמוּדוֹת
לַעֲשׂוֹת הַיּוֹם שָׁלֹשׁ סְעוּדוֹת
אֶת הַשֵּׁם הַנִּכְבָּד לְבָרֵךְ וּלְהוֹדוֹת
שָׁקְדוּ וְשִׁמְּרוּ וְעָשׂוּ בָנַי
שַׁבָּת הַיּוֹם לה':

 

Commentary

 
General Synopsis:
The piyut discusses the need be joyful on happiness on Shabbat. As the ecstasy of great food is an essential component of Shabbat. The piyut details some of the elements that are required for proper Sabbath observance, as keeping Shabbat will guard us from danger.
 
Explanation of Stanzas: Chorus: "Shabbat HaYom L'Hashem," Today is the Shabbat day to G-d, where He ceased the creation of the world.
 
Stanza A: "Meod tzhalu berinonay..kemitzvat Hashem."  Celebrate Shabbat with great songs, and delicacies, and keep it like the L-rd' commands.
 
Stanza B: "meiAvor derech ugvolim..ze hayom asa Hashem." Do not travel beyond certain boundaries, and do not toil on this day. Just enjoy the day by eating, drinking and happiness, as this is the special day that G-d has made.
 
Stanza C: "V'Im tishmerenu...az titaneg al Hashem." Iif you keep Shabbat properly, G-d will guard you like the pupil of His eye. If you, with your sons and daughters will keep the Shabbat and find delight then you will find delight before the L-rd.
 
Stanza D: "echol mashmanim...u'berachta et Hashem."  Eat rich foods and delicacies of all different kinds, such as walnuts, and pomegranates. Eat and be satiated by it and then bless the L-rd on what he gave you.
 
Stanza E: "laroch b'shulchan...v'shimru vashu banai." Beautify your table delicious bread, where you will eat three Shabbat meals. Praise and bless His glorious name. Take care, observe and keep Shabbat by its regulations.
 
 Lyricist
Samuel ben Kalonymus he-Hasid of Speyer, also known as Shmuel HaChassid.
 
Shmuel HaChassid was an important Tosafist, liturgical poet, and philosopher of the twelfth century. He lived in Spain and France and whose father was Rabbi Kalonymus. Unfortunately, Shmuel HaChassid became an orphan at a very young age. He became a Torah prodigy specifically in Kabbalistic mysticism.  He had two sons Avraham and Yehuda who followed in his path. He lived in poverty and worshiped G-d with deep love and devotion.  The story is told that he exiled himself for nine years, travelling from community to community, so people when not know he was and would not feel obligated to honor him as a Torah scholar. His death date is unknown.